THE MIRACLE OF MI‘RĀJ
Rasūlullāh (sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam) was taken with Buraq from Masjid al-Haram to Masjid al-Aqsā on the 27th night of Rajab, one and a half years before the Hijrah. Then, with the Mī‘raj (staircase) brought, he was taken from the big rock in Masjid al-Aqsā to the lower heaven. He met with the prophets in each heaven. After greeting and talking to them, he reached Sidrah al-Muntaha. From there, he got on Rafraf and was blessed with the divine presence. He was shown many wonders from Allāh Ta‘ālā’s kingdom.
When he was blessed with the divine presence, he praised Allāh Subḥānahū with the words of tashahhud, “Attaḥiyyātu lillāhi waṣ-ṣalawātu wa’ṭ-ṭayyibāt”. Allāh Ta‘ālā honoured him, responding as, “Assalāmu ‘alayka ayyuhan-Nabīyyu wa raḥmatullāhi wa barakātuhū”. After that, our Prophet (sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam) included his ummah in honour of this greeting, saying, “Assalāmu ‘alaynā wa ala ibādillahi’ṣ-ṣāliḥīn.” After Allāh Ta‘ālā prescribed fifty daily prayers on him, repeatedly pleading until Allāh Ta‘ālā reduced it to five. On his way back descending, he saw Jannah with all its degrees and hell with its pits.
When he descended back to Bayt al-Maqdis and set out for Makkah al-Mukarramah, he saw the caravan of the Quraysh. In the morning, he informed people about the events that he had experienced. They asked him questions about Bayt al-Maqdis and the Quraysh caravan. When he replied to their questions one by one, those who received the help of Allāh approved while those who had no share of faith denied it.
He went to Masjid al-Haram in the morning and informed the Quraysh about the miracle. After hearing it, some of them clapped their hands, and some put their hands on their heads out of confusion and denial. Some of those who had īmān left Islam. Some of them rushed to Hadrat Abū Bakr (raḍiyallāhu ‘anhu), who, after listening to them, said: “If it is him who said it, it is certainly true.” “Do you confirm that in this too?” they asked. He replied, “I confirm him even for what is beyond that (his prophethood)!”. Thereupon he was given the title of “Siddiq”.