Omar Bin Khattab

The Second Righteous Caliph, he was one of the Companions closest to the Prophet in his struggle for Unity in an attempt to spread Islam and make it reign in this world.

Omar's sobriquet was "Faruq", which means the one who distinguishes between right and wrong. Deciding to kill the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), Omar girthed his sword and set out to kill him. However, when he learned that his sister and her husband had entered the new religion, he went to them first and, affected by the Quranic verses they read, he accepted Islam in the 6th year of the Prophet's apostleship. After he became Muslim, Omar was constantly at the side of the Prophet, and he did everything possible to protect him.

Omar participated in the battles of Badr, Uhud, the Ditch and Haybar and in many small detached military expeditions. He acted as commander in some of these. Omar played a big role in eliminating the chaos that appeared immediately after the death of the Prophet in the election of Abu Bakr as caliph. He was the biggest assistant to Abu Bakr during his short term as caliph and after him became the second caliph.

He was stabbed by a non-Muslim slave and he died three days after this incident.

Ashara Mubashara (The Blessed Companions)

The Islamic prophet, Muhammad (s.a.w.), specified ten of his companions who were promised paradise. The companions named in this hadith are referred to as "The Ten With Glad Tidings of Paradise". The hadith is collected in two of the six books of the Kutub al-Sittah: the Jamiʿ at-Tirmidhi and the Sunan Abu Dawood.

The version of the hadith collected in the Jamiʿ at-Tirmidhi goes as follows:

“Abu Bakr will be in Paradise, ‘Omar will be in Paradise, ‘Usmaan will be in Paradise, ‘Ali will be in Paradise, Talhah will be in Paradise, al-Zubayr will be in Paradise, ‘Abd al-Rahmaan ibn ‘Awf will be in Paradise, Sa’d will be in Paradise, Sa’eed will be in Paradise, and Abu ‘Ubaydah ibn al-Jarraah will be in Paradise.” (Narrated by al-Tirmidhi)

  1. Hazrat Abu Bakr ibn Abu Quhafa
  2. Hazrat Omar ibn Khattab
  3. Hazrat Uthman ibn Affan
  4. Hazrat Ali ibn Abu Talib
  5. Hazrat Talha ibn Ubaydillah
  6. Hazrat Zubayr ibn al-Awwaam
  7. Hazrat AbdurRahman ibn 'Awf
  8. Hazrat Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas
  9. Hazrat Sa'id ibn Zayd
  10. Hazrat Abu 'Ubayda, 'Aamir ibn 'Abdillah ibn al-Jarrah

Our Holy Prophet (PBUH) himself presented these ten individuals with glad tidings of Jannah, during his lifetime. He is known to have stated these ten names in a hadith pertaining to those companions for whom Paradise has been pre-ordained by Allah (SWT) on account of their services to Islam.

Some common traits of the Ashara Mubashara:

  • All became Muslim in the early years of Islam.
  • They made great service to the Prophet and the Islamic cause.
  • They migrated.
  • They swore allegiance to the Prophet at Hudaybiya.
  • There are many narrations in hadith sources regarding their virtues.
  • Sources of sound hadiths with narrations on these Companions.

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