Ali Ibn Abi Talib

Ali was the son of the Prophet's uncle, his son-in-law and the fourth caliph. His father was Abu Talib, his mother was Fatima binti Asad the Quraish, and his grandfather was Abdulmuttalib. His patronymic was Abul Hasan and Abu Turab (father of earth), and his nickname was Haydar. His title was Commander of the Faithful. He is also referred to as "Allah's Lion."

The Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) invited members of the Banu Hashim to his house in order to explain Islam to them. After dinner he said,
- "O sons of Abdulmuttalib, I have been sent to mankind and you in particular. Who among you will pledge allegiance to me as a brother and friend?"
Only Ali stood up and gave his allegiance as the Prophet asked.

He was constantly at the side of the Prophet, he was advanced in Tafsir, Hadith and Fiqh. In fact, in the Prophet's words he was the "gate to the city of knowledge", the most knowledgeable of the community.

Ashara Mubashara (The Blessed Companions)

The Islamic prophet, Muhammad (s.a.w.), specified ten of his companions who were promised paradise. The companions named in this hadith are referred to as "The Ten With Glad Tidings of Paradise". The hadith is collected in two of the six books of the Kutub al-Sittah: the Jamiʿ at-Tirmidhi and the Sunan Abu Dawood.

The version of the hadith collected in the Jamiʿ at-Tirmidhi goes as follows:

“Abu Bakr will be in Paradise, ‘Omar will be in Paradise, ‘Usmaan will be in Paradise, ‘Ali will be in Paradise, Talhah will be in Paradise, al-Zubayr will be in Paradise, ‘Abd al-Rahmaan ibn ‘Awf will be in Paradise, Sa’d will be in Paradise, Sa’eed will be in Paradise, and Abu ‘Ubaydah ibn al-Jarraah will be in Paradise.” (Narrated by al-Tirmidhi)

  1. Hazrat Abu Bakr ibn Abu Quhafa
  2. Hazrat Omar ibn Khattab
  3. Hazrat Uthman ibn Affan
  4. Hazrat Ali ibn Abu Talib
  5. Hazrat Talha ibn Ubaydillah
  6. Hazrat Zubayr ibn al-Awwaam
  7. Hazrat AbdurRahman ibn 'Awf
  8. Hazrat Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas
  9. Hazrat Sa'id ibn Zayd
  10. Hazrat Abu 'Ubayda, 'Aamir ibn 'Abdillah ibn al-Jarrah

Our Holy Prophet (PBUH) himself presented these ten individuals with glad tidings of Jannah, during his lifetime. He is known to have stated these ten names in a hadith pertaining to those companions for whom Paradise has been pre-ordained by Allah (SWT) on account of their services to Islam.

Some common traits of the Ashara Mubashara:

  • All became Muslim in the early years of Islam.
  • They made great service to the Prophet and the Islamic cause.
  • They migrated.
  • They swore allegiance to the Prophet at Hudaybiya.
  • There are many narrations in hadith sources regarding their virtues.
  • Sources of sound hadiths with narrations on these Companions.

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