Abu Ubaidah Ibn Jarrah

Mentioned with the sobriquet "Custodian of the Ummah," he is one of the first Muslims and one of the Ashara Mubashara. His original name was Amir ibn Abdullah ibn al-Jarrah.

Abu Ubaidah became Muslim by means of Abu Bakr's invitation or by going to the Prophet with his friends under the leadership of Uthman ibn Maz. He was among the second convoy of immigrants to Abyssinia. Like the other great Companions, Abu Ubaidah participated in all the military expeditions. He was always at the Prophet's side in the conquest of Mecca, the siege of Taif, and the Farewell Pilgrimage.

During the jihad activities in Hazrat Omar's time Abu Ubaidah ibn Jarrah participated in the conquests in the Syria region which began during Abu Bakr's caliphate, and he served as a commander. He fell ill during the plague in Syria, Egypt and Iraq, which is historically called the Amwas Tauna, and passed away.

Ashara Mubashara (The Blessed Companions)

The Islamic prophet, Muhammad (s.a.w.), specified ten of his companions who were promised paradise. The companions named in this hadith are referred to as "The Ten With Glad Tidings of Paradise". The hadith is collected in two of the six books of the Kutub al-Sittah: the Jamiʿ at-Tirmidhi and the Sunan Abu Dawood.

The version of the hadith collected in the Jamiʿ at-Tirmidhi goes as follows:

“Abu Bakr will be in Paradise, ‘Omar will be in Paradise, ‘Usmaan will be in Paradise, ‘Ali will be in Paradise, Talhah will be in Paradise, al-Zubayr will be in Paradise, ‘Abd al-Rahmaan ibn ‘Awf will be in Paradise, Sa’d will be in Paradise, Sa’eed will be in Paradise, and Abu ‘Ubaydah ibn al-Jarraah will be in Paradise.” (Narrated by al-Tirmidhi)

  1. Hazrat Abu Bakr ibn Abu Quhafa
  2. Hazrat Omar ibn Khattab
  3. Hazrat Uthman ibn Affan
  4. Hazrat Ali ibn Abu Talib
  5. Hazrat Talha ibn Ubaydillah
  6. Hazrat Zubayr ibn al-Awwaam
  7. Hazrat AbdurRahman ibn 'Awf
  8. Hazrat Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas
  9. Hazrat Sa'id ibn Zayd
  10. Hazrat Abu 'Ubayda, 'Aamir ibn 'Abdillah ibn al-Jarrah

Our Holy Prophet (PBUH) himself presented these ten individuals with glad tidings of Jannah, during his lifetime. He is known to have stated these ten names in a hadith pertaining to those companions for whom Paradise has been pre-ordained by Allah (SWT) on account of their services to Islam.

Some common traits of the Ashara Mubashara:

  • All became Muslim in the early years of Islam.
  • They made great service to the Prophet and the Islamic cause.
  • They migrated.
  • They swore allegiance to the Prophet at Hudaybiya.
  • There are many narrations in hadith sources regarding their virtues.
  • Sources of sound hadiths with narrations on these Companions.

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