Abdurrahman bin Avf

Abdurrahman bin Awf, who entered Islam during the days of activity in Arkam's house, was given this name by the Prophet. He joined both migrations to Abyssinia. Eventually, when Muhammad (saw) encouraged the Companions to migrate to Medina, he did so with the others.

Abdurrahman b. Awf began trading in the Medina market and Allah gave him great wealth. Known as one of the most generous Companions, Abdurrahman b. Awf made great contributions in Allah's path to many military expeditions, particular the Tabuk expedition. When he became very old during Hazrat Uthman's time, Abdurrahman b. Awf lived a very quiet life and finally died in Medina in the year 32 H.

Abdurrahman b. Awf heard many hadiths the Prophet, but he refrained relating them all because of his scrupulousness. He has up to sixty-five hadiths narrated in hadith collections.

Ashara Mubashara (The Blessed Companions)

The Islamic prophet, Muhammad (s.a.w.), specified ten of his companions who were promised paradise. The companions named in this hadith are referred to as "The Ten With Glad Tidings of Paradise". The hadith is collected in two of the six books of the Kutub al-Sittah: the Jamiʿ at-Tirmidhi and the Sunan Abu Dawood.

The version of the hadith collected in the Jamiʿ at-Tirmidhi goes as follows:

“Abu Bakr will be in Paradise, ‘Omar will be in Paradise, ‘Usmaan will be in Paradise, ‘Ali will be in Paradise, Talhah will be in Paradise, al-Zubayr will be in Paradise, ‘Abd al-Rahmaan ibn ‘Awf will be in Paradise, Sa’d will be in Paradise, Sa’eed will be in Paradise, and Abu ‘Ubaydah ibn al-Jarraah will be in Paradise.” (Narrated by al-Tirmidhi)

  1. Hazrat Abu Bakr ibn Abu Quhafa
  2. Hazrat Omar ibn Khattab
  3. Hazrat Uthman ibn Affan
  4. Hazrat Ali ibn Abu Talib
  5. Hazrat Talha ibn Ubaydillah
  6. Hazrat Zubayr ibn al-Awwaam
  7. Hazrat AbdurRahman ibn 'Awf
  8. Hazrat Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas
  9. Hazrat Sa'id ibn Zayd
  10. Hazrat Abu 'Ubayda, 'Aamir ibn 'Abdillah ibn al-Jarrah

Our Holy Prophet (PBUH) himself presented these ten individuals with glad tidings of Jannah, during his lifetime. He is known to have stated these ten names in a hadith pertaining to those companions for whom Paradise has been pre-ordained by Allah (SWT) on account of their services to Islam.

Some common traits of the Ashara Mubashara:

  • All became Muslim in the early years of Islam.
  • They made great service to the Prophet and the Islamic cause.
  • They migrated.
  • They swore allegiance to the Prophet at Hudaybiya.
  • There are many narrations in hadith sources regarding their virtues.
  • Sources of sound hadiths with narrations on these Companions.

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Abdurrahman bin Awf and His Generosity

He is one of the  Blessed Companions (Ashara Mubashara)

Abdurrahman bin Awf was engaged in trade from his young age. For this reason, he would go to various places for trade. In the age of Jahiliyya, he was known as an honest person who did not drink alcohol and had good morals. His old friendship with Abu Bakr enabled him to become a Muslim thanks to him. Abdurrahman b. Awf, because of the pressure and persecution of the Makkan polytheists migrated to Abyssinia first and then to Madinah. Rasulallah (pbuh) established a bond of brotherhood (muâhât) between him and Sa'd b. Rabi’.

He participated in all wars with the Prophet. He had a lot of heroism in Badr. In Uhud, he suffered more than twenty wounds, and he was lame due to wounds in his foot. During the Tabuk Expedition the Prophet attended a prayer in which he was the imam.

Abu Bakr, consult him during his caliphate. During his illness before his death, Abu Bakr first told him about the idea of ​​choosing Omar as the caliph.  Abdurrahman b. Awf continued this duty also in the caliphate of Omar. Companions used to convey the issues they hesitated to present to the caliph through him. Due to this close relationship with Omar, they would sometimes wander the streets of Medina with him at night and check the order. During this period, Abdurrahman bin Awf was also the pilgrimage emirate and the baitulmâl guard.

When Omar was stabbed by a zoroastrian slave, He appointed Abdurrahman b. Awf as imam and formed a six-person council to elect the new caliph and included him.

Halifa Omar was going to Damascus. It was heard that there was a plague disease in Damascus. Some of those who were with him said, "Let's not go to Damascus." Some of them said:

- Let's not run away from the fate of Allahu ta'ala.

Thereupon, the Caliph said:

- Let's escape from the fate of Allahu ta'ala to his fate again, let's not enter the city. If one of you has a meadow and a rocky place, he sends his flock to whichever one he sends, it will be sent with the discretion of Allahu ta'âlâ.

Then he called Abdurrahman bin Awf and asked:

- What is your opinion?

- I heard the The Messenger of Allah said, "Do not enter a place where there is a plague and do not go from one place where there is a plague to another, do not run from there."

The Caliph did not enter Damascus, saying, "Alhamdulillah, my word was in accordance with hadiths".



Abdurrahman bin Awf always cried after the death of the Messenger of Allah, remembering the days he spent with him. He used to say that the world had no significance for him, after he had lost his conversations.

One day, a meal was served somewhere. He was also fasting that day. He was asked to tell a memory just at the time of iftar. He immediately started telling his memory:

"When Mus'ab bin Umayr, who was better than me, was martyred, we shrouded him with a piece of cloth. When we covered his head, his feet remained open, when we covered his feet, his head remained uncovered.

Then Hamza was martyred. He was far superior to me too. We also buried him under difficult conditions. They left the world, though they were better than me. Then the world door opened for us. He cried saying “We have achieved various kinds of blessings. How are we going to account for these?”

He forgot that he was fasting and did not even eat the iftâr meal.

Abdurrah bin Awf's generosity

Abdurrahman bin Awf spent a lot of property in the way of Allah in the time of the Messenger of Allah. He gave half of his property three times. He distributed 4000 dirhams for the first time, 40,000 dirhams for the second and 40,000 gold coins for the third time in the way of Allah.

He freed 30 the battle of Uhud captives and distributed 1000 gold to each. He gave 500 horses and 500 loaded camels for the Tabuk expedition.

One day, when he entered Madina with his 700 camels loaded with wheat, flour and various grains, Hazrat Aisha said that the Messenger of Allah said, "Abdurrahman bin Awf will enter Paradise by crawling", Abdurrahman bin Awf promised to distribute all camels with their loads in the way of Allah. Hazrat Aisha witnessed him.

Abdurrahman b. Awf died in Madinah at the age of 75 in 651; Upon his will, Hazrat Osman became the imam in his funeral prayer.

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