ISLAMIC NEW YEAR
The first month of the Hijri calendar is Muharram. This is the beginning of the Islamic New Year. There is no special celebration for the Islamic New Year.
Muharram is also one of the four holy months (ashhuru hurum).
The name for the tenth day of Muharram is Ashura. On this day important events took place, such as the recognition of the repentance of Adam (as),
the salvation of Ibrahim (as) from fire, the salvation of Musa (as) from the oppression of Pharaoh, the healing of Ayyub (as)
Ashura is also the name for a dessert that is specially made on this day and traditionally distributed to neighbors and friends.
Ashura will also be traced back to Noah (as). It is part of the Sunnah to fast on Ashura day.
EID AL FITR
Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic Hijri calendar. It is the month where fasting is mandatory and is considered a month of Umma.
Ramadan is the only named of the twelve months in the Qur'an (2: 185). In Ramadan is also the night of the (Lailatal-Qadr),
in which the Quran was revealed to the Messenger Muhammed (as). Therefore, during the Ramadan, 1/30 (Juzan) of the Qur'an is recited every day,
and a Hatm-al Quran (reading through the Quran) is performed. The common Quran reading in Ramadan is called Mukabele.
The Eid al Fitr is one of the two major Islamic holidays. Holidays are meant to bring joy to children, the poor, the needy, the weak, the elderly,
To congratulate each other and to visit each other, but also to reconcile themselves.
EID AL UDHIYA - THE SACRIFICIAL FEAST
The sacrificial festival is also known as the great festival. Muslims who are financially able to sacrifice animals such as sheep, goats,
cattle or camels during these days, and share the flesh with neighbors and needy people. In the case of large animals such as cattle and camels,
seven people can participate. The sacrificial holiday is important of the sacrifice history of Ismail (as) and the loyalty of Ibrahim (as) to Allah.
This event is an warning to mankind that God has forbidden human sacrifice for all time.
KANDIL - HOLY NIGHT
Kandil is an Arabic word for oil lamp and is used in Turkish language as well for Islamic holy nights.
On these sacred nights the minarets of the mosques were lit with oil lamps. Volunteer ritual prayers such as Tesbih-Namaz, Hachet-Namaz, and Mevlid ceremonies.
Kandil are said to contribute to the inner illumination of the faithful.